Only technological innovation can save my country's copper processing industry


In 2015, my country's copper processing industry mainly showed the following characteristics: The growth rate of production capacity and output did not decrease. In 2015, the output of copper products in my country reached 14.987 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 25.2%, an increase of 14.42% over the previous year. The provinces with the largest increase in output were Shandong, Guangdong, Jiangsu and Jiangxi, and Jiangxi ranked first in copper output. Big province. From the analysis of product consumption structure, the latest data shows that the current largest application market for copper processing materials in my country is copper cables for the power industry, and consumption accounts for about 50% of the total copper market consumption.

  The investment in fixed assets has not been effectively controlled. In 2015, my country's non-ferrous metal processing projects completed a fixed asset investment of 330.341 billion yuan, accounting for 49.99% of the completed investment in the non-ferrous metal industry. It is still the hottest investment in my country. Among them, 553 copper rolling processing projects are completed, and the project investment is 52.567 billion yuan. Yuan, an increase of 35.44% over the previous year, accounting for 15.91% of the fixed asset investment completed in the manufacturing and rolling of ferrous metal alloys.

   During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, my country has completed a total of 370.15 billion yuan in non-ferrous metal alloy manufacturing and rolling plus fixed asset investment, an average annual increase of 44%. The total investment completed in the first three years of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" was 737.29 billion yuan, equivalent to twice that of the five-year period of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", indicating that under the current situation, the control of non-ferrous metal production capacity expansion is not effective. At the same time, it can be seen from the top ten provinces and regions in terms of completed investment that production capacity is shifting to the central and western regions, effectively solving regional imbalances.

  Import and export trade hardly improves. According to statistics, in 2015, my country imported 649,000 tons of copper processing materials, a year-on-year decrease of 3%; exports were 489,000 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 0.8%. It can be seen from the above data that the world's developed economies have insufficient demand for non-ferrous metals, and my country's non-ferrous metals export situation is slowly recovering. The formulation of short-term plans, annual plans, and investment plans should not have high expectations of the international market, and should still stick to domestic demand. At the same time, my country's non-ferrous metal processing industry is gradually showing the effect of promoting technological progress and industrial adjustment, and its dependence on high-precision processing materials such as special alloys, high-precision strips and rolled copper foils in developed countries has decreased.

   Inefficient operation is still the main theme of the economic operation of the copper and aluminum processing industries. The latest data shows that the profit of processing enterprises accounts for a relatively high proportion of the total profit of the non-ferrous metal industry, but the profit margin of main business income is only 4%.

   From the perspective of the entire non-ferrous metal industry, due to weak domestic and foreign non-ferrous metal demand, the prices of most varieties fluctuate at low levels. Due to factors such as the rigid increase in production cost factors, companies generally have difficulties in operating, with increasing losses and negative growth in profits from main activities. However, in terms of realizing profits, the situation is different. Relatively speaking, state-owned enterprises have declined, while private enterprises have grown; large and medium-sized enterprises have fallen, and small enterprises have grown; mining and smelting enterprises have fallen; and processing enterprises have grown. As far as the processing industry is concerned, although corporate profits have increased from statistical data, the increase is lower than the increase in output and main business income, and the profit margin of main business income is actually declining.

  The industry's own efforts are the key

   The ups and downs of raw material prices, the intensification of product homogeneity competition, the continuous decline of copper processing fees, and the slow recovery of domestic and foreign economic conditions have led to uncertain market demand, which has kept many copper processing enterprises in the era of meager profit.

"At present, the hope of the development of my country's copper processing industry depends on the improvement of the external environment and the industry's own efforts. The latter is the key and we can control it." Ma Shiguang, Secretary-General of China Nonferrous Metal Processing Industry Association pointed out at the meeting .

  In terms of the external environment, we expect investment to be effectively controlled. In the absence of major breakthroughs in the application of copper and relatively stable market demand, with the gradual completion and commissioning of construction projects during the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, investment behavior in the copper processing industry can gradually return to rationality. At the same time, the investment and construction of general precision products should be restricted to gradually slow down the pace of capacity expansion.

   my country's copper consumption accounts for 45% of the world's copper consumption, and its dependence on copper in the international market is as high as 75%, which has pushed up international copper prices. The international copper price and its fluctuations are generally in the hands of institutions such as international copper oligarchs and investment banks. my country has no right to say whether it can profit from trading. As a terminal consumer, copper processing is at a disadvantage in terms of bargaining. Basically, they have no right to speak and can only accept passively. The normalization of high prices and their fluctuations has increased business risks, increased financial expenses, suppressed profit margins, and seriously affected the operations of copper processing enterprises.

  In terms of the industry's own efforts, improve the consciousness of industrial upgrading. Improving the technical level and reducing manufacturing costs have become the consensus of the industry, and enterprises must pursue excellence in technology management. Developed countries in non-ferrous metal technology such as Europe, the United States, and Japan attach great importance to this point, implement standardized management of all processes, and transform standardized processes and operations into the habits of operators through training, and ensure process quality through improved awareness.

   Unleash the full potential of cost reduction. There are two aspects. One is to include product cost reduction in the scope of scientific research. The second is to attach great importance to the construction of resource regeneration and regeneration industry. my country's recycled non-ferrous metal industry is gradually becoming formal and large-scale. At present, the national recycling rate of recycled copper, aluminum, and lead has reached an average of 29%. Although there is still a gap with developed countries, it has increased compared to the end of the "12th Five-Year Plan" period. Nearly 6 percentage points. The construction of the regeneration industry is not only to relieve the shortage of resources, but also has a significant positive role in reducing the cost of processed products, energy saving, and emission reduction. Enterprises must seriously solve various problems in the regeneration industry.