Supported by the 14th Five-Year Plan, non-ferrous metal companies take advantage of the momentum to start a new journey of high-quality development


Brilliant achievements in the development of the non-ferrous metal industry

   New China's non-ferrous metals industry has worked hard and forged ahead for 70 years, and has built an industrial system and production capacity with complete categories, complete systems, huge production capacity, and optimized structure. It has developed from a backward predicament to become the world's largest non-ferrous metal industry in production, consumption and trade, and has made important contributions to promoting my country's economic and social development and the progress of the world's non-ferrous metal industry.

   Technological innovation leads the comprehensive upgrade of the non-ferrous metal industry

   Since the reform and opening up, non-ferrous enterprises have achieved independent innovation on the basis of introduction, digestion and absorption through the research of production, education and research technology. Successfully developed a batch of common key technologies and applied them to production, which quickly realized industrial upgrading. Since entering the new century, basic research has been strengthened, and major technological breakthroughs have been made in original innovation and collaborative innovation. Among them, electrolytic aluminum technology is the most significant. In recent years, the 600 kiloampere ultra-large aluminum electrolysis technology developed is the world's first and international leader. The self-developed 300 kA large-scale aluminum electrolysis technology has long been exported abroad. The independently developed suspended copper smelting, oxygen bottom blowing, double bottom blowing and "two-step" copper smelting technologies have reached the world's advanced level. The self-produced high-end aluminum, magnesium and titanium alloy materials have been used in aviation, automobiles, and high-speed railways. Ultra-coarse, ultra-fine, ultra-pure homogeneous cemented carbide, nuclear power zirconium and hafnium materials and other rare metal processing materials have made significant progress in replacing imports.

   The form of the development of the non-ferrous metal industry during the 14th Five-Year Plan period is still grim

As China’s economy shifts from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development, the domestic market’s demand for non-ferrous metals and other bulk raw materials has also shifted from a period of continuous growth to a period of “micro-growth”. During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, domestic copper and aluminum The growth rate of consumption of major non-ferrous metals has dropped significantly, and the stage of rapid growth in domestic demand for non-ferrous metals has ended. It is expected to fall further in the future. With the decline in consumption growth, my country's main non-ferrous metal demand will enter a plateau during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period and peak consumption will appear. Since there are no large-scale bauxite mines to be developed in China, under the background of the gradual exhaustion of the original mine base resources, it is expected that my country's bauxite dependence will continue to rise in the future. At the same time, competition in the international market is becoming increasingly fierce, and my country's non-ferrous metal products export space will be severely squeezed in the future.